Written by Godfrey AKON




Once upon a time, there lived a black penguin in an island. One morning, the penguin was hungry and began to hop around the frosty area in search of food.

As it leaped through the freezing cold, some distance away from the sea, the penguin noticed an eagle hovering in search of prey.

The penguin warily continued its trip down the island and found a trunk of frozen wood swept ashore by the sea.

So hungry was the young penguin that it began to break the ice with its beak to find insects inside the wood.

Chomp! Chomp! Chomp! It continued to crunch the ice-covered wood as the eagle soared relentlessly over the surrounding. 

Before long, the young penguin felt threatened by the eagle’s presence and thought of diving into the sea for safety. 

But the penguin was a few meters away to shore, and the thought of killer whales, sharks and sea seals made it so afraid to swim at the moment.

Suddenly, the eagle made a swift landing on the nearby tree but the presence of two cobras, resting on the tree top, took its attention away from the penguin.

Almost immediately, a fight broke out between the cobras and the eagle. The eagle overwhelmed both cobras, clutched them tightly in its claws and flew off to an unknown destination.

As the fight raged on, the penguin hurriedly scampered for safety in the nearby canal and found for itself much food to eat.

Kids and Health

What Is a Gene?

Each cell in the human body contains about 25,000 to 35,000 genes. Genes carry the information that determines your traits (say: trates), which are features or characteristics that are passed on to you — or inherited — from your parents.

For example, if both of your parents have green eyes, you might inherit the trait for green eyes from them. Or if your mom has freckles, you might have freckles too because you inherited the trait for freckles. Genes aren't just found in humans — all animals and plants have genes, too.

Where are these important genes? Well, they are so small you can't see them. Genes are found on tiny spaghetti-like structures called chromosomes (say: KRO-moh-somes). And chromosomes are found inside cells. Your body is made of billions of cells. Cells are the very small units that make up all living things. A cell is so tiny that you can only see it using a strong microscope.

Chromosomes come in matching sets of two (or pairs) and there are hundreds — sometimes thousands — of genes in just one chromosome. The chromosomes and genes are made of DNA, which is short for deoxyribonucleic (say: dee-ox-see-ri-bo-nyoo-CLAY-ik) acid.

Most cells have one nucleus (say: NOO-clee-us). The nucleus is a small egg-shaped structure inside the cell which acts like the brain of the cell. It tells every part of the cell what to do. But, how does the nucleus know so much? It contains our chromosomes and genes. As tiny as it is, the nucleus has more information in it than the biggest dictionary you've ever seen.

In humans, a cell nucleus contains 46 individual chromosomes or 23 pairs of chromosomes (chromosomes come in pairs, remember? 23 x 2 = 46). Half of these chromosomes come from one parent and half come from the other parent.

Under the microscope, we can see that chromosomes come in different lengths and striping patterns. When they are lined up by size and similar striping pattern, the first twenty two of the pairs these are called autosomes; the final pair of chromosomes are called sex chromosomes, X and Y. The sex chromosomes determine whether you're a boy or a girl: females have two X chromosomes while males have one X and one Y.

But not every living thing has 46 chromosomes inside of its cells. For instance, a fruit fly cell only has four chromosomes! From m.kidshealth.org.


1.I am a delicate object, if you call my name you break me, who am I?

2.Mr. Sule lives in Zuma rock and Mr. Afolabi in Olumo rock, who lives in Aso rock?

3. Something defies the law of gravity; it goes up and never comes down, what is it?

4.They visit at night without being invited and disappear in the morning without being pursued, who are they?

5.I am an object with one eye but cannot see, who am I?

6.I am active, people feel my impact but cannot see me, who am I?

7.A driver of an SUV drove from Lagos to Ibadan without putting on his headlights, no street lights were on, and the moon was not out, how did he see the road?

8.I am invisible, you can catch me but cannot throw me, who am I?

9. How can you make number one to disappear?

10.Which two days do we live in the middle of?


1.Silence 2. The president 3. Age 4. Stars and moon 5. Needle 6. Air 7. He drove during day light 8. Cold 9. By adding G and is gone 10. Yesterday and tomorrow


Did you know dreamt is the only word that ends in M-T?

Did you know the first letters of the months July through to November spell JASON?

Did you know a cat has 32 muscles in each ear?

Did you know spiders are arachnids and not insects?

Did you know each time you see a full moon you always see the same side?


  1. What is the capital of Turkey?
  2. What is the currency of India and Pakistan as well as a few other Asian countries?
  3. What is the official language of Brazil?
  4. Which Nigerian state begins with the letter Z?
  5. Who wrote the novel “Things Fall Apart?”


1, Ankara 2, rupees 3, Portuguese 4, Zamfara state 5, Chinue Achebe




















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