Written by Sarah NEGEDU

NBS to conduct survey on hygiene, others

The National Bureau of Statistics is set to begin a survey on water and sanitation, to provide further context on previously published data on water access, open defecation, and other factors that affects public hygiene.

The study, to be conducted in collaboration with the Federal Ministry of Water Resources and UNICEF will collect latest information on improved water access, the percentage of Nigerians who are involved in open defecation, and general sanitation practices.

According to the Statistician General for the Federation, Dr. Yemi Kale, the outcome of the research will help the Federal Government, to make informed decisions on how to improve access to clean water, good sanitation and hygiene.

He said a 2013 NDHS report showed that 34percent and 59.6percent of Nigeria’s population had access to improved sanitation and improved water sources respectively.  Additionally, 28.7percent of Nigerians then engaged in open defecation. 

A later data compiled by the NBS in 2015, showed slight improvement, as only 69.6 percent of Nigerians had access to safe drinking water, while 60.3 percent of Nigerians used safely managed sanitation services, including a hand-washing facility with soap and water.

Based on the NBS compilation, Kale stated that the data also showed that only 48 percent of Nigerians engaged in regular hand washing, while 0.04 percent of wastewater was safely treated by 2016.

Available data from the bureau suggested that 28 percent of Nigerians still indulged in open defecation, a development he described as not good for the country’s image. This, he said, necessitated the need to have a comprehensive data for the country to tackle water, sanitation and hygiene challenges.

The NBS boss said, “This survey will provide further context on previously published data on water access, sanitation and open defecation.

“These incidences pose a significant risk to public health and wellbeing, and more information is needed to gain further insight into this challenge to develop appropriate and better informed solutions.”

The survey is expected to cover all the 36 States of the federation, including the FCT, where 40 enumeration areas will be selected for study in each of the states and FCT, except Lagos and Kano. Kale said Enumeration areas for the two states will be selected based on each of the senatorial zones.



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